Ever wonder which countries use French as their official language? Did you know there are over 25 Francophone countries? North America – 1, The Caribbean – 1, Europe – 5, and Africa – 21, Australia – 1.
This list only includes countries that use French as one of their official languages, however there are many other countries where French is spoken.
Francophone Countries, Capitals
France – Paris (La France)
Belgium – Brussels (La Belgique, Bruxelles)
Luxembourg – Luxembourg (Le Luxembourg)
Switzerland – Berne (La Suisse)
Monaco – Monaco (no article because it’s a principality – long name is La principauté de Monaco)
Canada – Ottowa (Le Canada)
Haiti – Port-au-Prince (Haïti) (no article because it’s an island)
Senegal – Dakar (Le Sénégal)
Mali – Bamako (Le Mali)
Niger– Niamey (Le Niger)
Guinea – Conakry (La Guinée)
Ivory Coast – Yamoussoukro (La Côte d’Ivoire)
Burkina Faso – Ougadougou (love this name – great for using in TPR stories) pronounced wah-gah-doo-goo (Le Burkina Faso
Togo – Lomé (Le Togo)
Benin – Porto Novo/Cotonou (Le Bénin)
Chad – N’Djamena (Le Tchad)
Cameroon – Yaoundé (Le Cameroun)
Central African Republic – Bangui (La République centrafricaine)
Equatorial Guinea – Malabo (La Guinée équatoriale)
Gabon – Libreville (Le Gabon)
Congo – Brazzaville (Le Congo)
Democratic Republic of the Congo – Kinshasa (La République démocratique du Congo – La RDC)
Djibouti – Djibouti (La République de Djibouti)
Rwanda – Kigali (Le Rwanda)
Burundi – Bujumbura (Le Burundi)
Seychelles – Victoria (Les Seychelles)
Comoros – Moroni (Les Comores)
Madagascar – Antanarivo (No article because it’s an island)
Vanuatu – Port Vila (Le Vanuatu)
* Most countries that are islands don’t use the articles le, la, les. Four islands do use them: La Barbade, La Dominique, La Grenade, and La Jamaïque.
North America + The Caribbean
Canada – Ottowa
Haiti – Port-au-Prince
France – Paris
Belgium – Brussels
Luxembourg – Luxembourg
Switzerland – Berne
Monaco – Monaco
Senegal – Dakar
Mali – Bamako
Guinea – Conakry
Ivory Coast – Yamoussoukro
Burkina Faso – Ougadougou (love this name – great for using in TPR stories) pronounced wah-gah-doo-goo
Togo – Lomé
Benin – Porto Novo/Cotonou
Chad – N’Djamena
Cameroon – Yaoundé
Central African Republic – Bangui
Equatorial Guinea – Malabo
Gabon – Libreville
Congo – Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo – Kinshasa
Djibouti – Djibouti
Rwanda – Kigali
Burundi – Bujumbura
Islands off the Coast of Africa
Seychelles – Victoria
Comoros – Moroni
Madagascar – Antanarivo
Vanuatu – Port Vila
P.S. If you like these photos and want more, check out this colorful PowerPoint for 30 French speaking countries.
Learning the French speaking countries is a great class activity however, my favorite way to teach culture is through 101 Francophone Video Clips.
Francophone culture comes alive when you travel the globe virtually with your students. Short video clips open their eyes to show them what it’s like to live in other parts of the world. Not surprisingly, after watching 1 video, my students were hooked, so we started Les voyages de vendredi.
Love how these introduce a variety of French accents and that students learn different perspectives and ways of living. Great for all ages and levels of language learners.
Start immersing your students in Francophone culture right now with 7 free video clips for France and Canada, along with flags, colorful photos, and fun facts. Grab them now in my Free Resource Library!
Through these videos, students:
Meet the Royal Drummers of Burundi
Learn what not to do when visiting France
Drive a car in the Grand Prix in Monaco
Listen to a Moroccan rap video
Learn how a drum is made in Guinea
See how women recycle plastic bags in Burkina Faso
Visit gorillas in Cameroon
Catch the giant tigerfish in the Congo
Tricks for Remembering Francophone Countries
Did you know the brain can only usually remember 8 items at a time? Use these handy pneumonic devices to remember them all. If you’re a teacher, challenge students to create their own pneumonic devices.
Since learning nationalities can be tricky, I created this free helpful nationality partner sheet. Students work with a variety of partners throughout the year and learn nationalities. Grab it with the instructions in my Free Resource Library.
Francophone Country Flags
Ever wanted to learn all the Francophone country flags? Use this handy graphic!
Helpful Activities and Cultural Lessons
Looking for more activities, video clips, map quizzes, etc.? Here are additional helpful resources.
- Full Year of Francophone Culture (101 video clips, map quizzes, PPT with colorful photos, nationality practice, flags, color by number flags, and so much more!)
- 101 Francophone Countries Video Clips
- Famous French Speaking People PowerPoint
- French Speaking Countries PowerPoint
- France + Europe Map Quizzes
- French Speaking Countries Map Quizzes, Flags, Nationality Practice
- Color by Number Flags
Want to learn more? Check out other related blog posts:
How do you teach Francophone countries in your classes? Let me know in the comments.